Monday, June 18, 2012
Tools of the Trade: Rope and Cable
In Sheet Anchor, Lever tells us how to lay down rope and cable the old fashioned way. This is his description of how ship's rope was made from time in memorial: by hand and with a lot of human effort:
Ropes are a combination of several Threads of Hemp, twisted together by means of a Wheel in the Rope-Walk. These Threads are called Rope-Yarns and the Size of the Rope in Diameter, will be according to the Number of Yarns contained in it.
A Proportion of Yarns (covered with Tar) are first twisted together. This is called a Strand: three, or more of which being twisted together, form the Rope; and according to the number of these Strands, it is said to be either Hawser-laid, Shroud-laid, or Cable-laid.
A Hawser-laid rope is composed of three single Strands, each containing an equal quantity of Yarns, and is laid right-handed, or was is termed with the Sun.
A Shroud-laid rope consists of four Strands of an equal Number of Yarns, and is also laid with the Sun.
A Cable-laid rope is divided into nine Strands of an equal Number of Yarns; these nine Strands being again laid into three, by twisting three of the small Stands into one. I is laid left-handed or against the sun.
Header: Venetian Sailboats by Carl Schmidt via American Gallery